Basic Health Panel
This group of tests provides an overall assessment of an individuals health. This panel includes a Complete Blood Count (CBC), Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP), Urine Analysis (UA), and Lipid Panel.
A complete blood count (CBC) test measures the following:
- The number of red blood cells (RBC count)
- The number of white blood cells (WBC count)
- The total amount of hemoglobin in the blood
- The fraction of the blood composed of red blood cells (hematocrit)
- Average red blood cell size (MCV)
- Hemoglobin amount per red blood cell (MCH)
- The amount of hemoglobin relative to the size of the cell (hemoglobin concentration) per red blood cell (MCHC)
- The platelet count is also included in the CBC.
A comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP) is a test that measures 14 different substances in your blood. It provides important information about your body’s chemical balance and metabolism. Metabolism is the process of how the body uses food and energy. A CMP includes tests for the following:
- Glucose, a type of sugar and your body’s main source of energy.
- Calcium, one of the body’s most important minerals. Calcium is essential for proper functioning of your nerves, muscles, and heart.
- Sodium, potassium, carbon dioxide, and chloride. These are electrolytes, electrically charged minerals that help control the amount of fluids and the balance of acids and bases in your body.
- Albumin, a protein made in the liver.
- Total protein, which measures the total amount of protein in the blood.
- ALP (alkaline phosphatase), ALT (alanine transaminase), and AST (aspartate aminotransferase). These are different enzymes made by the liver.
- Bilirubin, a waste product made by the liver.
- BUN (blood urea nitrogen) and Creatinine, waste products removed from your blood by your kidneys.
A urinalysis is a test of your urine. It is often done to check for a urinary tract infections, kidney problems, or diabetes. You may also have one during a checkup, if you are admitted to the hospital, before you have surgery, or if you are pregnant. It can also monitor some medical conditions and treatments.
A urinalysis involves checking the urine for:
- Its color
- Its appearance (whether it is clear or cloudy)
- Any odor
- The pH level (acidity)
- Whether there are substances that are not normally in urine, such as blood, too much protein, glucose, ketones, and bilirubin
- Whether there are cells, crystals, and casts (tube-shaped proteins)
- Whether it contains bacteria or other germs
Lipid panel includes:
- Total cholesterol – measures all the cholesterol in all the lipoprotein particles
- High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) – measures the cholesterol in HDL particles; often called “good cholesterol” because HDL-C takes up excess cholesterol and carries it to the liver for removal.
- Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) – calculates or measures the cholesterol in LDL particles; often called “bad cholesterol” because it deposits excess cholesterol in walls of blood vessels, which can contribute to atherosclerosis. Usually, the amount of LDL-C is calculated using the results of total cholesterol, HDL-C, and triglycerides.
- Triglycerides – measures all the triglycerides in all the lipoprotein particles; most is in the very low-density lipoproteins (VLDL).
- Very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL-C) – calculated from triglycerides/5; this formula is based on the typical composition of VLDL particles.
- Non-HDL-C – calculated from total cholesterol minus HDL-C
- Cholesterol/HDL ratio – calculated ratio of total cholesterol to HDL-C