Men's Wellness Profile
This group of tests provides an overall assessment of men’s health and wellness by evaluating heart health, thyroid function, blood sugars, and cholesterol levels, prostate health and hormone levels. The Mens Wellness Panel can be used to help uncover many health concerns from diabetes, to kidney disorders and heart disease and prostate cancer.
A complete blood count (CBC) test measures the following:
- The number of red blood cells (RBC count)
- The number of white blood cells (WBC count)
- The total amount of hemoglobin in the blood
- The fraction of the blood composed of red blood cells (hematocrit)
- Average red blood cell size (MCV)
- Hemoglobin amount per red blood cell (MCH)
- The amount of hemoglobin relative to the size of the cell (hemoglobin concentration) per red blood cell (MCHC)
- The platelet count is also included in the CBC.
A comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP) is a test that measures 14 different substances in your blood. It provides important information about your body’s chemical balance and metabolism. Metabolism is the process of how the body uses food and energy. A CMP includes tests for the following:
- Glucose, a type of sugar and your body’s main source of energy.
- Calcium, one of the body’s most important minerals. Calcium is essential for proper functioning of your nerves, muscles, and heart.
- Sodium, potassium, carbon dioxide, and chloride. These are electrolytes, electrically charged minerals that help control the amount of fluids and the balance of acids and bases in your body.
- Albumin, a protein made in the liver.
- Total protein, which measures the total amount of protein in the blood.
- ALP (alkaline phosphatase), ALT (alanine transaminase), and AST (aspartate aminotransferase). These are different enzymes made by the liver.
- Bilirubin, a waste product made by the liver.
- BUN (blood urea nitrogen) and Creatinine, waste products removed from your blood by your kidneys.
Lipid panel includes:
- Total cholesterol – measures all the cholesterol in all the lipoprotein particles
- High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) – measures the cholesterol in HDL particles; often called “good cholesterol” because HDL-C takes up excess cholesterol and carries it to the liver for removal.
- Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) – calculates or measures the cholesterol in LDL particles; often called “bad cholesterol” because it deposits excess cholesterol in walls of blood vessels, which can contribute to atherosclerosis. Usually, the amount of LDL-C is calculated using the results of total cholesterol, HDL-C, and triglycerides.
- Triglycerides – measures all the triglycerides in all the lipoprotein particles; most is in the very low-density lipoproteins (VLDL).
- Very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL-C) – calculated from triglycerides/5; this formula is based on the typical composition of VLDL particles.
- Non-HDL-C – calculated from total cholesterol minus HDL-C
- Cholesterol/HDL ratio – calculated ratio of total cholesterol to HDL-C
PSA, or prostate specific antigen, is a protein produced by the prostate and found mostly in semen, with very small amounts released into the bloodstream. When there’s a problem with the prostate such as the development and growth of prostate cancer more PSA is released.
|49 or younger||0.0-2.5|
|70 or older||0.0-6.5|
Testosterone is a hormone produced by the human body. It’s mainly produced in men by the testicles. Testosterone affects a man’s appearance and sexual development. It stimulates sperm production as well as a man’s sex drive. It also helps build muscle and bone mass.
|< 300||Low Testosterone|
A fat-soluble vitamin that is naturally present in very few foods, added to others, and available as a dietary supplement. It is also produced endogenously when ultraviolet rays from sunlight strike the skin and trigger vitamin D synthesis.
|<12||Associated with vitamin D Deficiency, leading to rickets
in infants and children and osteomalacia in adults
|<20||Generally considered Inadequate for bone and overall health
in healthy individuals
|≧20||Generally considered Adequate for bone and overall health
in healthy individuals
|>50||Emerging evidence links potential adverse effects to such
high levels, particularly >150 nmol/L (>60 ng/mL)
Vitamin B12 is a water-soluble vitamin that is naturally present in some foods, added to others, and available as a dietary supplement and a prescription medication. Vitamin B12 is required for proper red blood cell formation, neurological function, and DNA synthesis. Vitamin B12 functions as a cofactor for methionine synthase and L-methylmalonyl-CoA mutase. Methionine synthase catalyzes the conversion of homocysteine to methionine.
|0–6 months||0.4 mcg||0.4 mcg|
|7–12 months||0.5 mcg||0.5 mcg|
|1–3 years||0.9 mcg||0.9 mcg|
|4–8 years||1.2 mcg||1.2 mcg|
|9–13 years||1.8 mcg||1.8 mcg|
|14+ years||2.4 mcg||2.4 mcg|
Folate is a water-soluble B vitamin that is naturally present in some foods, added to others, and available as a dietary supplement. “Folate,” formerly known as “folacin” and sometimes “vitamin B9,” is the generic term for naturally occurring food folates, and folates in dietary supplements and fortified foods, including folic acid. Folate functions as a coenzyme or cosubstrate in single-carbon transfers in the synthesis of nucleic acids (DNA and RNA) and metabolism of amino acids.
One of the most important folate-dependent reactions is the conversion of homocysteine to methionine in the synthesis of S-adenosyl-methionine, an important methyl donor. Another folate-dependent reaction, the methylation of deoxyuridylate to thymidylate in the formation of DNA, is required for proper cell division. An impairment of this reaction initiates a process that can lead to megaloblastic anemia, one of the hallmarks of folate deficiency
|Birth to 6 months||65 mcg||65 mcg|
|7–12 months||80 mcg||80 mcg|
|1–3 years||150 mcg||150 mcg|
|4–8 years||200 mcg||200 mcg|
|9–13 years||300 mcg||300 mcg|
|14–18 years||400 mcg||400 mcg||600 mcg|
|19+ years||400 mcg||400 mcg||600 mcg|
Thyroid function is primarily regulated by thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), also known as thyrotropin. It is secreted by the pituitary gland to control thyroid hormone production and secretion, thereby protecting the body from hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. TSH secretion increases thyroidal uptake of iodine and stimulates the synthesis and release of T3 and T4. In the absence of sufficient iodine, TSH levels remain elevated, leading to goiter, an enlargement of the thyroid gland that reflects the body’s attempt to trap more iodine from the circulation and produce thyroid hormones.
C-reactive protein (CRP) is produced by the liver. Its level rises when there is inflammation in your body. LDL cholesterol not only coats the walls of your arteries, but it also damages them. This damage causes inflammation that the body tries to heal by sending a “response team” of proteins called “acute phase reactants.” CRP is one of these proteins.
|<1||Low risk of CVD|
|1-3||Moderate risk of CVD|
|>3||High risk of CVD|