Whether you’ve been newly diagnosed, have been fighting against type 1 or type 2 diabetes for a while, or are helping a loved one, you’ve come to the right place. Southwest Labs will help you gain a deeper understanding of how you can live a healthier life and take control of your diabetes. Wherever you’re at with this disease, know that you have options and that you don’t have to be held back. Southwest Labs we offer the following tests for Diabetes Management.
A blood sample will be taken after an overnight fast. A fasting blood sugar level less than 100 mg/dL (5.6 mmol/L) is normal. A fasting blood sugar level from 100 to 125 mg/dL (5.6 to 6.9 mmol/L) is considered prediabetes. If it’s 126 mg/dL (7 mmol/L) or higher on two separate tests, you have diabetes.
Glycated hemoglobin (A1C)
This blood test, which doesn’t require fasting, indicates your average blood sugar level for the past two to three months. It measures the percentage of blood sugar attached to hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying protein in red blood cells.
The higher your blood sugar levels, the more hemoglobin you’ll have with sugar attached. An A1C level of 6.5 percent or higher on two separate tests indicates that you have diabetes. An A1C between 5.7 and 6.4 percent indicates prediabetes. Below 5.7 is considered normal.
Lipid panel includes:
- Total cholesterol – measures all the cholesterol in all the lipoprotein particles
- High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) – measures the cholesterol in HDL particles; often called “good cholesterol” because HDL-C takes up excess cholesterol and carries it to the liver for removal.
- Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) – calculates or measures the cholesterol in LDL particles; often called “bad cholesterol” because it deposits excess cholesterol in walls of blood vessels, which can contribute to atherosclerosis. Usually, the amount of LDL-C is calculated using the results of total cholesterol, HDL-C, and triglycerides.
- Triglycerides – measures all the triglycerides in all the lipoprotein particles; most is in the very low-density lipoproteins (VLDL).
- Very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL-C) – calculated from triglycerides/5; this formula is based on the typical composition of VLDL particles.
- Non-HDL-C – calculated from total cholesterol minus HDL-C
- Cholesterol/HDL ratio – calculated ratio of total cholesterol to HDL-C