Identifying symptoms can speed up treatment and future prevention.
Updated: March 30th, 2023 8:30 AM
Published: March 29th, 2023 11:23 AM
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) can be caused by a variety of organisms, including:
Escherichia coli (E. coli): This is the most common cause of UTIs, accounting for approximately 80-85% of all cases.
Staphylococcus saprophyticus: This bacterium is responsible for around 5-15% of UTIs, mainly affecting sexually active women.
Klebsiella pneumoniae: This is a type of bacteria commonly found in the digestive tract, which can also cause UTIs.
Proteus mirabilis: This is another type of bacteria commonly found in the digestive tract, which can cause UTIs, especially in people with urinary tract abnormalities.
Enterococcus faecalis: This bacterium is commonly found in the intestinal tract and can cause UTIs, especially in people with weakened immune systems.
Pseudomonas aeruginosa: This is a type of bacteria that can cause UTIs, especially in people with weakened immune systems or who have undergone medical procedures such as catheterization.
Candida albicans: This is a type of yeast that can cause UTIs, especially in people with weakened immune systems or who have taken antibiotics for an extended period.
It’s important to note that the specific type of organism responsible for a UTI may vary depending on the individual, their medical history, and other factors. Ask your provider about Southwest Labs new UTI panel, which can accurately detect all organisms that are responsible for a UTI infection.
There are several medications that are commonly used to treat urinary tract infections (UTIs). The specific medication prescribed will depend on the type of bacteria causing the infection and the patient’s medical history. Here are some examples:
- Antibiotics: These are the most common medications used to treat UTIs. Commonly prescribed antibiotics for UTIs include:
- Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim, Septra)
- Nitrofurantoin (Macrodantin, Macrobid)
- Ciprofloxacin (Cipro)
- Levofloxacin (Levaquin)
- Amoxicillin/clavulanate (Augmentin)
- Analgesics: These medications can help to relieve the pain and discomfort associated with UTIs. Examples include:
- Phenazopyridine (Pyridium)
- Ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin)
- Acetaminophen (Tylenol)
- Antifungal medications: If the UTI is caused by a fungal infection, an antifungal medication may be prescribed. Examples include:
- Fluconazole (Diflucan)
- Amphotericin B (Amphocin)
It’s important to note that some strains of bacteria causing UTIs have developed resistance to certain antibiotics, so your healthcare provider may need to adjust the medication based on the results of a urine culture test. It’s also important to take the full course of antibiotics as prescribed by your healthcare provider to ensure that the infection is fully treated and to prevent the development of antibiotic resistance.